CONCERTO (latin: “concertare” = to compete): A musical competition between the full orchestra (Grosso) and a group of soloists (Concertino). On two CDs we compare and contrast original compositions by Johann Sebastian Bach (1685-1750) with concertos by
Antonio Vivaldi (1678-1741).
Bach adopted Vivaldi´s “concerto grosso” form for orchestra (a returning main theme is interrupted by interludes of the solo instrument) for his own compositions (BWV 561 and BWV 564: CD I, 1 and 9-11; BWV 542 , BWV 552 and BWV 548: CD II, 1-2; 3-4 and 11-12).
Bach transcribed two Vivaldi-Concertos for his keyboard instruments (BWV 593: CD I, 2-4 and BWV 596: CD II, 8-10).